# Problems in General Physics → Physical Fundamentals of Mechanics → Hydrodynamics

 1.319. A wide cylindrical vessel 50 cm in height is filled with water and rests on a table. Assuming the viscosity to be negligible, find at what height from the bottom of the vessel a small hole should be perforated for the water jet coming out of it to hit the surface of the table at the maximum distance lmax from the vessel. Find lmax. Free solution >> 1.328. Water flows out of a big tank along a tube bent at right angles; the inside radius of the tube is equal to r = 0.50 cm (Fig. 1.87). The length of the horizontal section of the tube is equal to l = 22 cm. The water flow rate is Q = 0.50 litres per second. Find the moment of reaction forces of flowing water, acting on the tube's walls, relative to the point O. Free solution >> 1.334. A tube of length l and radius R carries a steady flow of fluid whose density is ρ and viscosity η. The fluid flow velocity depends on the distance r from the axis of the tube as v = v0 (1 - r2/R2). Find: (a) the volume of the fluid flowing across the section of the tube per unit time; (b) the kinetic energy of the fluid within the tube's volume; (c) the friction force exerted on the tube by the fluid; (d) the pressure difference at the ends of the tube. Free solution >> 1.338. A lead sphere is steadily sinking in glycerin whose viscosity is equal to η = 13.9 P. What is the maximum diameter of the sphere at which the flow around that sphere still remains laminar? It is known that the transition to the turbulent flow corresponds to Reynolds number Re = 0.5. (Here the characteristic length is taken to be the sphere diameter.) Free solution >> 1.339. A steel ball of diameter d = 3.0 mm starts sinking with zero initial velocity in olive oil whose viscosity is η = 0.90 P. How soon after the beginning of motion will the velocity of the ball differ from the steady-state velocity by n = 1.0%? Free solution >>