# Irodov Solutions → Thermodynamics and Molecular Physics → Liquids. Capillary Effects

 2.161. In the bottom of a vessel with mercury there is a round hole of diameter d = 70 μm. At what maximum thickness of the mercury layer will the liquid still not flow out through this hole? Free solution >> 2.165. Find the difference in height of mercury columns in two communicating vertical capillaries whose diameters are d1 = 0.50 mm and d2 = 1.00 mm, if the contact angle θ = 138°. Free solution >> 2.169. A glass rod of diameter d1 = 1.5 mm is inserted symmetrically into a glass capillary with inside diameter d2 = 2.0 mm. Then the whole arrangement is vertically oriented and brought in contact with the surface of water. To what height will the water rise in the capillary? Free solution >> 2.171. A vertical water jet flows out of a round hole. One of the horizontal sections of the jet has the diameter d = 2.0 mm while the other section located l = 20 mm lower has the diameter which is n = 1.5 times less. Find the volume of the water flowing from the hole each second. Free solution >> 2.172. A water drop falls in air with a uniform velocity. Find the difference between the curvature radii of the drop's surface at the upper and lower points of the drop separated by the distance h = 2.3 mm. Free solution >> 2.173. A mercury drop shaped as a round tablet of radius R and thickness h is located between two horizontal glass plates. Assuming that h << R, find the mass m of a weight which has to be placed on the upper plate to diminish the distance between the plates n-times. The contact angle equals θ. Calculate m if R = 2.0 cm, h = 0.38 mm, n = 2.0, and θ = 135°. Free solution >> 2.175. Two glass discs of radius R = 5.0 cm were wetted with water and put together so that the thickness of the water layer between them was h = 1.9 μm. Assuming the wetting to be complete, find the force that has to be applied at right angles to the plates in order to pull them apart. Free solution >> 2.178. A vertical capillary is brought in contact with the water surface. What amount of heat is liberated while the water rises along the capillary? The wetting is assumed to be complete, the surface tension equals α. Free solution >> 2.180. Find the increment of the free energy of the surface layer when two identical mercury droplets, each of diameter d = 1.5 mm, merge isothermally. Free solution >>